Letter knowledge is recognizing the letters and knowing the letter names and sounds. Young children gain an awareness of letters as they play with alphabet shapes, start to notice letters in books, and realize that their name begins with a specific letter.
A child who has achieved letter knowledge recognizes all the letters of the alphabet, in both capital letter and lowercase form, and she knows the names and sounds of each.
Letter knowledge–one of the first stepping stones on the path to reading–develops as a child is exposed to letters through play and through planned activities.
Here are five signs that indicate that your child has letter knowledge.
Your child can recite the alphabet song.
Your child recognizes the capital letters. If you ask him to point to an M, he can do it.
Your child recognizes lowercase letters. If you ask your student to point to an r, he can do it.
Your child knows the most common sounds of the letters. For example, he knows that the letter B says /b/ and K says /k/.
Your child notices letters in her environment, such as on book covers and store signs.
The best way to develop letter knowledge is through a variety of fun, hands-on alphabet experiences. Here are ten activities to enjoy with your child.
For a fun and cozy way to increase letter knowledge, grab some picture books and a blanket and enjoy reading together! Check out our BIG list of Alphabet Picture Books!
Sing the alphabet song to your kids when they are very young. When they get a bit older, they will naturally start singing along.
Children need to know that letters in text can look different in different fonts, and that printed letters look different from handwritten letters. The activities in this blog post will help!
Help your child associate letter names with the sounds the letters make. For example, point out the word pizza on the pizza box and say, “We’re having pizza tonight. Pizza starts with P. P says /p/ as in pizza.”
Interacting with letters helps children get ready for reading and spelling. Check out 8 Ways to Use Refrigerator Magnets for hands-on activities that can be used again and again to help your child learn his letters.
ABC Bracelets are the perfect letter-of-the-week craft activity. Your child will love being able to admire his letter just by glancing at his wrist.
Practice recognizing letters and placing them in a-b-c order as you inch your way through the alphabet with this colorful caterpillar.
If your little one loves puppies, this is sure to be a hit. Our Feed the Puppy Alphabet Game helps kids practice the alphabet in a fun way.
Letter knowledge is one of the five critical skills for reading readiness that we call the Big Five Skills. The other four skills are:
If you’re ready to tackle the rest of the Big Five Skills, be sure to check out the All About Reading Pre-reading program. Your student will enjoy special games, crafts, and story time read-alouds, and you will love the way your student effortlessly learns essential pre-reading skills.
Do you have any questions about letter knowledge? Post in the comments below!